Green Screen Background – Guide to Building

Many Hollywood motion pictures and spectacular photographs would not be possible without the help of green screen Hollywood technology. This technology, also called “Chroma Key”, is the main reason it is possible to generate incredible settings say for example a post-apocalyptic New York, a World War II ruined Japan, and also other out of this world destinations. In addition to this, the green screen enables a visual effects expert to add animated figures into live action films. That is just how Godzilla and the prehistoric monsters of Jurassic Park were able to cause authentic performances. Nevertheless, only a few people understand exactly how Chroma Key technology works.


The theory driving green screen technology is always to blend two images with each other: a background and a foreground. The background generally is a solid shade which can be swapped out later on with one more picture. Even though the shade of blue is sometimes employed as a temporary background, green is the most effective color to work with. Film makers and photographers choose this color as video cameras are receptive to it. This shade has much less noise and makes much clearer lines. Additionally, it is comparatively simpler to work with because it doesn’t require widespread illumination. This is the main reason why Chroma key screens are recommended by media shows or their weather reports and Hollywood flicks to their blockbuster hits.


Nevertheless even with all the current excellent qualities the Chroma Key approach has, there are a few crucial facts to be thought about. To ensure green screen Hollywood technology to work, only the finest shooting and photography equipment should be used. This means that just the greatest lighting and cameras should be found for film and movie production. Keep in mind that sub standard lighting effects may lead to unattractive shadows and extremely raw shots. Do not compromise a movie or photograph’s quality by using low quality tools.


The green screen is also many film makers and photographers’ best friend. It helps make work easier for them since it eliminates the need to hunt for exact destinations or backdrops. It enables them to be imaginative and flexible. Chroma Key technology also lets these digital artists have freedom in making backdrops to fit their work. Minus the green screen, “Gladiator” could have ended up flat because of the lack of wide shots that illustrate Rome in its glory days.


Green screen background is critical to visual artists in the area of media and entertainment. Apart from being a staple in film productions, it’s also included in magazine shoots as well as tv shows. Beautiful images and intriguing details would not at all be achievable with no Chroma Key technology.




There are so many other sites offering different forms of advice on how to use green screen but a lot of them are not very specific or concise. Before following these, be sure to check my own articles and reviews on green screen background and green screen studio Los Angeles, additionally, you can reach me at [email protected] or 1-323-851-3825.

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Looking for Something to Write About? Go Evergreen

Fads come and go. Today’s magic weight loss berry will be out of the headlines and out of people’s minds soon enough. The low carb diet has been forgotten. Nothing lasts forever on the Internet, or does it?


If you are looking to write about topics that will be around forever, then you want to go for the “evergreen” topics. These are things that people have been asking about for ages, and probably will be asking about long into the future. Evergreen topics are not only healthy in terms of search traffic, many of them are also quite lucrative. However wherever there is a pile of money to be made there are a lot of dogs sniffing around it. If you choose to go with evergreen topics you have to pay extra attention to the SEO (search engine optimization) of your articles. You want to be certain that Google will find your article and rank it high among all the other articles on the same topic.


They key to evergreen topics is to find the sub niches within the topic. For instance you wouldn’t want to write articles about dating in general, instead you’ll go a bit deeper and write about places to go on a first date, what to wear on a first date, or how to know if the date is going well. Take an evergreen topic, break it apart into many pieces and then focus on one piece of it to separate yourself from the rest of the crowd.


Money is always going to be a hot topic. How to get it and how to keep it are topics that just about everyone is interested in. Drilling down into the Money topic, you’ll find a whole host of sub topics that you can write about that will attract readers. How to manage your budget, how to use coupons, how to find the best bargains online, understand your credit card terms are all topics that could be written about that are branches off of the money tree.


Finding sub topics is helpful no matter what you are writing about. Avoid writing about the topic in general, find a tiny part of the topic and become an expert on it and write about it. Computers will probably be around for a while and they give us a whole horde of sub topics to look at. Let’s explore some sub topics and sub sub topics in the computer niche.


Computers


-Computer software


–Word Processing Software


—Open Office Writer


—-Free templates for Open Office Writer


As you go farther down the tree you find more specialized topics, and it is these topics that are considered to be “targeted”. People don’t go online looking for free Open Office Writer templates and type “computer” into Google, they type in “free open office writer templates”! Targeted traffic is what you want coming to your articles because it attracts the highest value in terms of advertising dollars. Advertisers want their ads displayed alongside content that is as closely related to their products as possible. The more relevant your article is to the product they are selling, the more they are willing to spend on having their advertising show on your article.


Writing about an evergreen topic is not only a good path to success, it is also easier. You are probably already an expert in a handful of evergreen subtopics and don’t even know it. Can you make your roses flourish even under the harshest of conditions? Do you know how to stretch $5.00 into a delicious meal for 4 people? Can you perform basic car maintenance without any help? If so then you are an expert at an evergreen subtopic and writing about it should be a snap. You are providing real value to your readers as well as writing about something that many people need help with.


So the next time you are stuck for a topic, start off with one of the big evergreen topics such as weight loss, dating, careers, school, cooking, or gardening and start slicing them apart into subtopics that you are interested in or are an expert on. The further down you slice, the more article ideas that should come spilling out. Then it’s all just a matter of getting the words out of your head and onto paper (or into your computer, most likely).


Finding a topic to write about can be difficult for some people. Start off with the big evergreen topics and work your way down. Once you have mastered the art of finding topics, writing for money will be a lot easier. I apply Clickbank Wealth Formula to help myself to produce money.

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Chancellor Appointee Gets Her Waiver

Tuesday will be mild with highs in the 50s and a 50 percent chance of rain from the leaden skies. Brace yourselves for the storm headed our way.

Cathleen P. Black, a publishing executive, won the helm of New York City’s public school system on Monday with a waiver from the state education commissioner that said her inexperience in education would be offset in part by the appointment of a chief academic officer to serve by her side.

Ms. Black agreed with the education commissioner, David M. Steiner, that her first act as chancellor would be to appoint an experienced educator as her chief deputy, to administer and supervise instruction in the city’s 1,600 schools.

It was the latest in a series of pledges over nearly nine years that Mr. Bloomberg has made to state legislators and officials to secure approval for his control of the school system. During that time, his administration says, it has followed the letter of the law on mayoral control. But critics say the mayor’s record of success in living up to the spirit of those promises has been mixed. [NYT] (Also see The Wall Street Journal, The Daily News and The New York Post.)

In Tuesday’s NYC column, Clyde Haberman considers whether a deputy shortstop might be a suitable option for the Yankees’ 36-year-old shortstop, Derek Jeter, who is currently embroiled in salary negotiations after the worst season of his dazzling career in Tuesday’s NYC column.

Crimson Bees of Red Hook & Trees of Rockefeller Center

Beekeepers in Red Hook, Brooklyn, were concerned when their saffron-and-black charges returned to their hives tinted red, and later filled honeycombs with a cloying substance reminiscent of cough syrup rather than honey, Susan Dominus reports in Tuesday’s Big City column. The bees were not the victims of some strange new blight; they appear to have a taste for Maraschino cherry juice, probably from Dell’s Maraschino Cherries Company on Dikeman Street.

The tree lighting ceremony at Rockefeller Center will take place Tuesday. But many who flock to watch the lights go on do not realize how emotionally fraught giving up a beloved Norway spruce can be for owners who have nurtured it, sometimes for generations. [NYT] Rockefeller Center scouts sometimes have to be very persistent to get families to part with them.

Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg told people planning to attend the tree lighting ceremony not to worry about security issues after a failed bomb plot in Portland, Ore. [Daily News]

Government & Politics

Lawmakers who gathered here for a special session appeared almost certain on Monday night to set aside a package of spending cuts proposed by Gov. David A. Paterson, leaving this year’s state budget hundreds of millions of dollars out of balance as the governor-elect, Andrew M. Cuomo, prepares to take office on Jan. 1. [NYT]

In the genteel parliamentary history of the House of Representatives there lurk rowdy days of rough-and-tumble brawls, beatings, chokings, fistfights, upended hairpieces, stentorian demands for apologies unheeded and a lot of sneaky conduct and foul-mouth talk. Some did nothing bad, or almost nothing. But they all wound up where Representative Charles B. Rangel, a Democrat from Harlem, is expected to find himself this week: in the well of the House, facing the shame of formal censure. [NYT] (Also see The New York Post.)

Real Estate

In Tuesday’s Appraisal column, Christine Haughney examines the essential guarantors and their place in the city’s real estate world, where even well-to-do tenants are often forced to enlist a better-off friend or relative to vouch for them.

Crime & Public Safety

Schiavone Construction Company, a heavy construction company that has been involved in some of New York’s biggest infrastructure projects, admitted on Monday that it had defrauded government programs for five years, and it agreed to forfeit $20 million for crimes it committed while performing $691 million in public contracts. [NYT]

Schools

A Bronx man was indicted Monday on charges that he stole $5 million from Columbia University. The man, George Castro, was the beneficiary of an unauthorized bank account into which millions of dollars from the university were transferred in October and November, according to a criminal court complaint in Manhattan. [NYT]

Transportation

The Post reports that the Port Authority is working on a plan to terrorist-proof the PATH tunnels that run under the Hudson River, and that Zagat rated La Guardia the worst airport in the country.

The Wall Street Journal says that New Jersey has less than 30 days to pay back more than $271 million in federal funds from a canceled Hudson River tunnel project.

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Tall Fliers Get Sympathy, but Not From Everyone

Travel has become less glamorous as the airline industry braves an unstable economy and terrorist threats. Enhanced security, fewer flights, longer waits and cutbacks in amenities make keeping both feet on the ground an attractive option to those who can get to their destination without hitting the tarmac.

More cramped seating is the grievance of taller passengers like Josephine Parr, the author of last week’s Complaint Box. For passengers like her, it is often a choice of reddened knees or a first-class ticket.

Many readers chimed in with sympathy, and tips. Others were distressed that larger fliers were eating into the space of those like them, more average in size. There was no shortage of novel ideas to address the problem.

One Size Doesn’t Fill All

Potential solution: Make seats with a little less leg room for shorter people, and a little more for taller people.
— Flyer McFlyerson

Fighting Back

I’m 6′4″ and my solution usually is to jam my knees into the seat in front of me and make it impossible for the person in front of me to recline until I’m pretty sure they’ve given up trying. If they glare at me, I shrug my shoulders and say, “Sorry, I’m tall, there’s nothing I can do about it.” I also, generally, never recline my seat since I don’t want to make the trip harder for the person behind me.
— Michael

The Ultimate Solution

Never get on an airplane. Period. Really.
— Nat

Sky-High Tea Party

Voting for candidates who preach less government regulation at any price should be rejoicing at the loss of circulation in their feet when they fly.
— Spence Halperin

Medical Alert

This is no laughing matter — as referenced earlier there are real safety issues involved, and the risk of getting a deep-vein thrombosis from these cramped conditions is much higher than regulators are willing to admit. Doesn’t matter, though; apparently, we should all just take our lumps like the good corporate fodder that we are.
— resident native

Get Over It

Tall people have so many advantages including (studies show) higher-paying jobs and an easier time finding mates. Can’t us short people enjoy the one advantage we have of fitting better into airline seats without hearing tall people complain? Get over it!
— Jim M.

Perchance to Dream

Oh, and when I do fly, I take a Xanax and sleep through the whole flight as best I can!
— Anne

To the Rails

TRAINS.
That’s the only solution.
But when will they build the train to Ireland?
I’m not holding my breath.
— mona

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Complaint Box | Responding to Tall Fliers

Travel has become less glamorous as the airline industry braves an unstable economy and terrorist threats. Enhanced security, fewer flights, longer waits and cutbacks in amenities make keeping both feet on the ground an attractive option to those who can get to their destination without hitting the tarmac.

More cramped seating is the gripe of taller passengers like Josephine Parr, the author of last week’s Complaint Box. For passengers like her, it’s often a choice of reddened knees or a first-class ticket.

Many readers chimed in with sympathy, and tips. Others were distressed that larger fliers were eating into the space of those like them, more average in size. There was no shortage of novel ideas to address the problem.

One Size Doesn’t Fill All

Potential solution: Make seats with a little less leg room for shorter people, and a little more for taller people.
— Flyer McFlyerson

Fighting Back

I’m 6′4″ and my solution usually is to jam my knees into the seat in front of me and make it impossible for the person in front of me to recline until I’m pretty sure they’ve given up trying. If they glare at me, I shrug my shoulders and say, “Sorry, I’m tall, there’s nothing I can do about it.” I also, generally, never recline my seat since I don’t want to make the trip harder for the person behind me.
— Michael

The Ultimate Solution

Never get on an airplane. Period. Really.
— Nat

Sky-High Tea Party

Voting for candidates who preach less government regulation at any price should be rejoicing at the loss of circulation in their feet when they fly.
— Spence Halperin

Medical Alert

This is no laughing matter — as referenced earlier there are real safety issues involved, and the risk of getting a deep-vein thrombosis from these cramped conditions is much higher than regulators are willing to admit. Doesn’t matter, though; apparently, we should all just take our lumps like the good corporate fodder that we are.
— resident native

Get Over It

Tall people have so many advantages including (studies show) higher-paying jobs and an easier time finding mates. Can’t us short people enjoy the one advantage we have of fitting better into airline seats without hearing tall people complain? Get over it!
— Jim M.

Perchance to Dream

Oh, and when I do fly, I take a Xanax and sleep through the whole flight as best I can!
— Anne

To the Rails

TRAINS.
That’s the only solution.
But when will they build the train to Ireland?
I’m not holding my breath.
— mona

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State Grants Waiver for Schools Chancellor

Cathleen P. Black, the publishing executive picked by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg to be the next schools chancellor, cleared a final hurdle on Monday as the state granted her the waiver she needs to take office.

In a 12-page decision, the state education commissioner, David M. Steiner, said that Ms. Black’s inexperience in education would be offset by the appointment of a chief academic officer to serve by her side.

The city agreed to create that position on Friday after Dr. Steiner expressed serious doubts about Ms. Black’s readiness for the job.

“Despite her lack of direct experience in education, I find that Ms. Black’s exceptional record of successfully leading complex organizations and achievement of excellence in her endeavors warrant certification,” Dr. Steiner wrote in his decision.

Ms. Black, the chairwoman of Hearst Magazines, needed a waiver to bypass a 73-year-old state law that requires the New York City schools chancellor to hold education credentials. She has spent her career in the media industry and holds no advanced degrees.

But even with the endorsement of Dr. Steiner, Ms. Black will have to work to win over skeptics when she takes office on Jan. 1. Parents, teachers and lawmakers protested her appointment over the weekend and vowed to challenge Dr. Steiner’s decision in court.

State Assemblyman Hakeem S. Jeffries, a Democrat and critic of Ms. Black’s appointment, reiterated his intent Monday to pursue a legal case to block her from taking office. “Our schools deserve a qualified chancellor, not someone who requires a private tutor on the public payroll to make up for her deficient résumé,” he said in a statement.

City officials hoped to soothe some of that anger with the addition of a chief academic officer. Ms. Black will appoint Shael Polakow-Suransky, a former principal of a Bronx high school and a deputy chancellor at the city’s Department of Education, to fill that role.

Mr. Bloomberg has promised to give Mr. Polakow-Suransky, who will oversee curriculum and testing, the “broadest scope” of independence. But on Monday, the mayor reiterated Ms. Black’s primacy.

“There will be one person in charge,” Mr. Bloomberg told reporters in Brooklyn. “Make no mistake about that.”

Later in the day, Mr. Bloomberg praised Dr. Steiner’s decision. “It is now time to put politics aside and recognize that it is in the best interest of our children for Cathie Black to succeed as chancellor,” Mr. Bloomberg said in a statement.

Ms. Black, 66, will be the first woman to lead the city’s school system, which serves 1.1 million children and employs 135,000 people. “I’m ready to roll up my sleeves and get going,” she said in a statement Monday night.

Cathleen-Black-Waiver-Decision

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Sticker Printing – Some Things to Take into Account

Most businessmen may have already tried printing stickers as an advertising or promotional tool. Stickers basically allow people to recognize a certain company. For the most part, they help business owners effectively deliver the latters marketing message. They can also be given away as souvenirs or tokens. Nevertheless, if you seek to optimize the functionality of your sticker printing, there are some things you need to know about it first. Knowing the things to do and the things to consider in this activity will definitely make you produce effective stickers for your business. Here are they.


Go for the Expert.


Its great to know that in this contemporary age, there are experts you can count on when it comes to sticker printing. But why is it really important to choose an expert printer? First and foremost, if you go for a general printing company, youre certain to avail of many kinds of services. They may have skills and knowledge in a lot of printing services but may not be a connoisseur in one specific field. On the other hand, if you choose an expert sticker printer, you are guaranteed to partner with a highly skilled and proficient company in your sticker printing venture. Now, you can really look forward to remarkable and professionally done stickers. Apparently, you would really have to tie up with an expert in sticker printing to ensure that you get first-class stickers.


Find the one with specialization.


You must know that not all sticker printers can satisfy the needs of a certain company. There are not so many of them who have already served a diverse group. For instance, a business that is involved in music definitely needs a different kind of sticker from a religious organization. Hence, you have to ensure that your sticker printer has ample experience in your kind of work. In effect, you get topnotch quality stickers.


Choose the one that can help in more ways than one.


Another good news about choosing an expert sticker printer is that they can provide you with all the help you need. Its never advised to do sticker printing alone especially if youre doing it the first time. There might be some clarifications you need to make along the way so it is truly important that you have an expert to guide you.


Once you partner with a seasoned company in sticker printing, you have the chance to raise some questions and clarifications and be given answers. However, be sure that youre able to ask for info in a convenient way such as by phone or through e-mail. Indeed, it is a must to get an expert printer that can help you in your sticker printing in a lot of ways.


Settle for speedy printing.


We know that speed is crucial when it comes to printing and disseminating your stickers to your intended audience. So when you decide on your sticker printer, find the one that provides the fastest turnaround time. Preferably, you would want a company that can accomplish your order within twenty-four hours. This guarantees you of timely and effective dissemination of your marketing or advertising message. However, not all printers can deliver your output within a day so see to it you consider this feature when choosing the most eligible sticker printing company.


Make sure you take these factors into account when locating your partner in sticker printing. Remember, only by finding a professional sticker printer can you come up with professional-looking stickers.

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Polyester Industrial Yarn, Low Melt Fiber From FiberPartner

Fiberpartner is a modern company with trading activities throughout the world. Fiberpartner is active in staple fibers in polyester, polypropylene, and bicomponents as well as technical yarns in polyester and polyamide, and plastics in PET and PP. A worldwide network across rawmaterials, machinery and finished products makes Fiberpartner unique. Polyester Filament yarns from Fiberpartner are widely applied to industrial textiles. The high tenacity and if required low shrinkage properties has achieved global recognition for consistent and high quality.


Polyester high tenacity yarn is used for high performance applications where tenacity is the key factor with Den 210 6000 den, intermingled, twisted, and multicompact up to 220.000 Dtex, Dope dyed colour, Low elongation, abraision resistant, adhesive activated, low elongation. Their application includes webbings, narrow fabrics, cordage, deep sea moorings, ropes, nets, strapping, slings, geotextiles, seatbelts, firehose, hose, filtration. Low shrinkage polyester yarn is used where tenacity, yet a low heat shrinkage is required with 220 2000 den, Shrinkage from 1,6% – 3,5%, Intermingled, twisted and multicompact up to 220.000 Dtex, Low shrinkage, HMLS, adhesive activated. Its application includes PVC coated materials, taupaulins, tirecords, filtration, firehose, Geotextiles. High modulus low shrinkage yarn is especially designed for tirecord with high performance with the characteristics of 1000-1500 den, Intermingled & twisted features. Its application includes tire cord, conveyer belt, canvas. High tenacity PA6 yarns is used for industrial applications where high tenacity and medium elongation is required with features like 840 1890 den, Intermingled. Its application includes nets, ropes, cords, narrow fabrics.


Fiberpartner offer on regular bases very good quality near prime quality of polyester Stable Fibers. It is produced by bicomponent spinning of general polyester and modified polyester, can be melted at lower temperature with 110~200 degree centigrade than normal fiber and bonded with other one. It is suitable for cleaning fiber suspension with the consistency of 0.4-1.2%. It can efficiently remove light impurities, hot melt impurities, pulp rejects, heavy impurities etc. In addition, it can also remove foam plastic, cork fragments. They are produced by bicomponent spinning of PET/ Co-PET, Can be 100% recycled, with excellent heat bonding property, easy mixing property with other fiber, with excellent washing procedures. Low Melting Fiber are usually bonded with other fibers by melting at lower temperature then normal fiber. Their features includes low melting point and high adhesion and good laundry resistance. Fiberpartner supplies Low melt fiber/ tow waste in good quality on regular basis.

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An Encyclopedia Sure to Please and Irritate

Joe DiMaggio made it this time. So did Amadou Diallo, ground zero, CompStat, the Halloween parade, the African Burial Ground, Chelsea Market, Michael R. Bloomberg. “The Gates,” the MetroCard and Pale Male are in there, too — each an idiosyncratic totem of New York City’s evolution in less than a generation.

Those subjects are among the nearly 800 newly memorialized in the second edition of the Encyclopedia of New York City, which Yale University Press is publishing Dec. 1 along with the New-York Historical Society. It comes 15 years after the original version captivated exacting scholars and not-so-serious students of the city alike.

“People love New York City,” said Kenneth T. Jackson, a professor of history at Columbia University who edited both volumes. “They were transformed by it, attracted to it, they remember it. This is a physical manifestation of a love affair.”

The first edition, published in 1995, spawned imitators in other cities and provoked enduring debates over why some people, places and institutions were left out and why some others received short shrift.

If that is not exactly the point of the encyclopedia, it is half the fun, which is also one reason why it is being published in print, though an electronic edition will probably follow.

“On the Internet, you cannot look up something that you do not know exists,” the editors write in the preface. “Serendipitous discoveries are often the best kind.”

The second edition is 211 pages longer (it sells for $65, the same price the first edition was soon raised to) and has 5,000 articles, mostly signed, on subjects ranging from Berenice Abbott, the photographer, to Louis Zukofsky, the poet.

Weighing in at nine pounds, the encyclopedia has about two million words on 1,561 pages and includes a diverse roster of loosely defined New Yorkers, including more sports stars, home addresses of historic figures, maps, illustrations and updated statistics (in metric measurements, too, to appeal to readers globally) and entries on 450 neighborhoods (ever hear of Hook Creek or Tallapoosa Point?) and a hundred ethnic groups.

Most of the original entries, which range from about 30 to 7,500 words, were revised and were current as of March 31 of this year.

Still, with hundreds of other entries deleted for space, bickering is inevitable:

Why is Frederic Church, the painter, included but not Francis Pharcellus Church, who wrote the famous “Yes, Virginia” editorial? Why does Abe Hirschfeld, the eccentric parking garage magnate, get the same space as Al Hirschfeld, the artist, (and more than Morris Hillquit, the Socialist whose policies helped inspire the New Deal)? How come Century 21 is there, but not the Carnegie Deli (it appears in the entry on delicatessens)?

There are lists of television shows produced in the city, Leon Trotsky’s address when he lived in the Bronx, Lee Harvey Oswald’s connection to New York (but not the fact that he was radicalized after he read a leaflet denouncing the execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg) and a squib on the origin of Barbicide (the ubiquitous disinfectant in barber shops).

Arthur Ashe was inadvertently left out (Arthur Ashe Stadium is in), which may or may not provoke the same avalanche of dissent as when Joe DiMaggio was missing from the first edition because he did not fit the editors’ definition of a New Yorker.

“Robert Redford may live here, but people don’t associate him with New York,” Dr. Jackson said. “DiMaggio was from San Francisco and went home,” he added, relenting in the new edition in an example of the present influencing the past.

“There’s a sense of self-identify,” Dr. Jackson, a Tennessee native, said. “You can become a New Yorker in a week.”

Abraham Lincoln is listed. “If it hadn’t been for his few days in New York, he would not have been president,” Dr. Jackson said. So are Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Barack Obama because of their connections to the city.

“As professors,” said Lisa Keller, who teaches history at the State University of New York in Purchase and is the executive editor of the second edition, “we have to believe the past informs the present and the present informs the future.”

“One of the things we learned is that some things you can’t have an absolute answer to,” Dr. Keller said.

Among them is when the city was founded. The encyclopedia points out that while the City Council changed the city seal from 1664 to 1625, “the first Dutch settlers arrived in 1624 and the town was incorporated as New Amsterdam in 1653.”

Other experts on New York praised the project.

“In our Internet age, we can access an infinite number of pieces of information — but they are of indeterminate trustworthiness,” said Mike Wallace, an author of “Gotham,” a history of New York City, and a history professor at the City University of New York Graduate Center. “The contributions not only provide vetted data, but they serve as portals to ongoing conversations within the scholarly community, giving us the latest thinking, as well as the latest facts.”

Sarah Henry, deputy director and chief curator for the Museum of the City of New York, said she was impressed by “how characters and events from the city’s distant past have also made an appearance, reflecting the advancement of historical scholarship.”

As an example, she cited Adriaen van der Donck, who lived in New Amsterdam and appeared in the Museum of the City of New York’s recent exhibition “Amsterdam/New Amsterdam: The Worlds of Henry Hudson.”

“In the new edition, he has his own entry explaining his role in the politics of the colony, as described by recent historians,” Dr. Henry said. “And even short entries — like the description of the 19th-century Seneca Village, located in what is now Central Park — got a thorough reworking.”

Since the first edition was published, Dr. Jackson said, “the biggest story in New York is the safer city.” That story is addressed by the encyclopedia, but it is necessarily vaguer about where the intersection of people, place and time will lead a city that does not spend much time dwelling on its past.

“New Yorkers didn’t care about its history, and neither did the cities it’s in a race with now, like Shanghai and Hong Kong,” Dr. Jackson said. “But New York seems to have found a balance between change and preservation — it’s an uneasy balance, but it’s not like Shanghai, where you knock everything down, or Paris, where you can’t change anything.

“Just think,” he added. “A half-century ago, New York was the leading industrial city in the world and the biggest port in the world. The truth is, New York could have become Detroit. Instead, it revived. Does New York provide a road map to a world city that will survive into the 21st century? Think of all the things that have happened here. It’s worth studying.”

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Why No Outrage?

Article by Dr. John Stapleford, Director of CRI’s Center of Economic Policy and Analysis.

 

While much of the nation swung toward the Republicans in the recent election, here in Delaware congressional, state wide and local elections overwhelmingly favored Democrats. While the determinants of the congressional vote can be debated, Delaware voters have given Democrats increased control over the state legislature. The Democrat majority in the Delaware legislature not only remained, but is now so large that any bill can be passed without any negotiations with Republicans.

It is an interesting outcome and begs the question “why didn’t the voters of Delaware follow the national trend of expressing outrage at the current state of affairs?” This can be asked of both statewide and local races; and is evidenced not because Democrats won, rather because the current majority remained in power regardless of which party is happened to be. Surprisingly, the answers are straight-forward.

REASONS FOR LITTLE OUTRAGE

First, Delaware residents are not paying the real bill for the runaway state and local government spending that has occurred over the past decade. Why? Well, Delaware exports 44% of its state and local tax burden, ranking Delaware 5th among all the states in being able to successfully shift the state and local tax burden out of state.

In addition, the state of Delaware has also held taxes down by running up debt. Over the decade Delaware has gone from the middle of the pack on debt per capita to the 5th highest among all the states. State debt has doubled over the past seven years.

Not to mention the fact that local property taxes are kept low because public education is funded primarily at the state level. Delaware has the 3rd lowest property taxes as a percent of median home value among all the states.

Finally, the Delaware residents who vote are not the folks most impacted by the current economic hard times. While the recession has not hit Delaware as hard as many states, it has been very tough on groups whose voter participation rates are typically low: the poor, persons with less education, and the young. Counter to that, the voter participation rate for government employees is typically high. AFSCME and the teachers union have been very involved in this election cycle in Delaware.

WILL THE TIDE TURN?

Yes. During the next two years state and local taxes that impact Delaware residents and the Delaware economy are going to rise. The reasons for this are many. First, the Federal stimulus money dries up in 2011. Second, state and local governments in Delaware can’t shift operating expenses into debt much more without affecting the bond ratings.

Third, the majority party in control of the legislature is not naturally inclined to cut spending and the unions will work to make sure that the legislature does not modify pension benefits nor address the unfunded healthcare liability of over $5 billion.

Fourth, the over 65 resident population in Delaware is going to explode. These folks are on fixed incomes and perceive themselves to be hard pressed. They will be very upset with any state and local tax increases, and their voter participation rates are typically very high.
Finally, with the passage of the Dodd-Frank financial reform bill the door has been opened for the preemption of Delaware corporate law and a shift of governance to the national level with new requirements such as “say on pay” and jurisdictional changes. This would cripple the state’s ability to export Delaware’s tax burden.
So, there is a logic to the recent state and local elections in Delaware, and it will be interesting to watch over the next year and see how these issues are dealt with.

Dr. John E. Stapleford, Director
Center for Economic Policy and Analysis
Caesar Rodney Institute
[email protected]

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