Obama and Bush to Visit New York for 9/11 Anniversary

The 10th anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks will be a grand but subdued affair in New York City that will involve two United States presidents, poetry readings and visits by victims’ family members to the new memorial, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said Friday.

President Obama and his predecessor, President George W. Bush, will attend, Mr. Bloomberg said in an appearance on WOR-AM (710). Former Gov. George E. Pataki and former Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, who were in office during the attacks, will participate, as will Mr. Bloomberg, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York and Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey.

Mr. Bloomberg said the officials would take turns reading quotations and poems to mark the day. The list of 9/11 victims will also be read in its entirety, and for the first time the annual New York recitation will include the names of those who died in Washington and Pennsylvania.

“This cannot be political,” Mr. Bloomberg said. “No speeches whatsoever. It’s not an appropriate thing.”

The World Trade Center site will be accessible on Sept. 11 only to family members of those killed in the attacks 10 years ago; the memorial will open to the general public, by reservation, starting the next day. Officials have already received several hundred thousand reservations for visits to the memorial, and they expect several million more in the first year.

Mr. Bloomberg said the site would be something of a maze to navigate, with several security checkpoints near the entrance on the west side and with construction areas cordoned off. Scaffolding will cover the area near the Freedom Tower to prevent debris from falling on visitors.

“It’s a very carefully, well thought out system,” Mr. Bloomberg said. However, he said, “I’m sure some people are going to complain.”

Mr. Bloomberg said the public would still have access to the major landmarks, including the waterfall reflecting pools that stand as footprints of the former Twin Towers. The names of the victims of the 2001 attacks, as well as the 1993 bombing at the World Trade Center, are inscribed in the edges of the pools.

“You’ll be able to walk up and touch the names and look over and around both of the voids,” Mr. Bloomberg said.

Construction of the memorial and a corresponding museum is expected to finish by 2014, but parts will open before that time.

The museum will bring visitors underground to the foundations of the original World Trade Center. It will display remnants of the staircases that people used to rush to safety in the aftermath of the attacks, as well as artifacts from the site.

One of those artifacts, a cross-shaped steel beam found amid the rubble, has stirred controversy in recent days. American Atheists, a nonprofit group, filed a lawsuit arguing that the cross, which became a symbol of hope to many in the days after the attacks, violated the Constitution because it is a religious symbol and the museum is partly financed by the government.

Mr. Bloomberg, asked about the lawsuit, defended the cross, saying it was a part of history.

“In a museum you want to show things that impacted people’s behavior back then, even if you don’t think it was right,” he said. “Museums are for history.”

He noted that other religious artifacts would be displayed, including a Star of David cut from the steel of the towers, a Jewish prayer shawl and a Bible.

“A lot of people looked to religion for strength after the attack,” he said. “You shouldn’t tell people what religion to practice or whether to practice a religion, but you also shouldn’t prevent people from practicing any religion they want in any ways they want.”

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Lost in Translation

The most recent controversy in the Dominique Strauss-Kahn case has exposed an area in the criminal justice system where questions regularly arise: translations.

Prosecutors, the housekeeper who accused Mr. Strauss-Kahn of sexual assault and her lawyer recently spent hours reviewing audio recordings from telephone calls she had with a man in an Arizona jail after she said she was attacked. The two of them spoke in Fulani, the native language of the housekeeper, Nafissatou Diallo, who is from Guinea.

Ms. Diallo’s lawyer, Kenneth P. Thompson, has questioned the interpretation provided by some of the prosecution’s interpreters. According to Mr. Thompson, his client never suggested on the call that she knew she could make money off of her accusations or that she was trying to, a suggestion that a law enforcement official said was made on the recording.

Disputes over how interpreters translate testimony or documents come up regularly in court cases.

Mark Cohen, a defense lawyer who practices in Manhattan and speaks what he called “fairly fluent” Spanish, said he has found that some interpreters have a difficult time translating for people who are from a different part of the world.

For instance, Mr. Cohen said, when someone from South America is translating for clients from, say, the Dominican Republic, that person may not pick up all of the slang words.

Some of his Dominican clients in drug cases use the word “clavo” to refer to secret compartments in their cars where they hide narcotics, Mr. Cohen said. But clavo actually means nail or study in formal Spanish.

In one instance, Mr. Cohen said that he was actually duped by Dominican slang. When he was reading the transcript of a wiretap, he said, he kept coming across the word “cuarto,” which generally means room. But the context for the word did not make any sense, Mr. Cohen said.

“I’m reading wiretaps and I’m going crazy trying to understand what this means,” Mr. Cohen said. “Why are they saying, ‘the room, the room?’”

A client would later tell Mr. Cohen that “cuarto” was slang for “money,” Mr. Cohen said.

In a 2003 case in the Bronx, a man on trial for attempted murder moved for a mistrial because the court allowed an interpreter for a man who spoke Krio, a dialect from Sierra Leone. The defense lawyer argued that Krio was not really its own language.

It was “nothing more than a Patois,” and “English with a bad accent,” the defense lawyer argued.

He argued that the interpreter was incorrectly conveying the witness’s testimony by paraphrasing English words spoken by the witness.

In the end, the judge ruled that Krio, while similar to English “is a separate and distinct language that cannot be readily understood without an interpreter.”

Using an interpreter “was necessary to assure a clear and orderly process,” the judge wrote.

Arnold J. Levine, a defense lawyer, said that one question that arises during jury selection is whether the jurors would be able to put aside their own knowledge of a particular language and accept the interpreter’s translation.

In a 1991 case in Queens, after a jury convicted a man of selling drugs, a Spanish-speaking juror said that a Spanish interpreter’s translations were partially inaccurate.

But an appellate court ruled that there was “no suggestion here that the juror’s knowledge of Spanish put him into the position of an unsworn witness,” and that the inaccuracies hurt the defendant’s case. The court upheld the conviction.

John Eligon and other court reporters for The New York Times take you inside the city’s halls of law every Friday. Have a tip? Send an e-mail message to [email protected].

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Innovative Kitchen Equipment Manufacturer of Stainless Steel Restaurant Equipment

Stainless steel restaurant equipment is relied upon by millions of restaurateurs all over the world. It does not matter if it is a pair of tongs for grabbing hot chicken, a slotted spoon to drain liquid from vegetables or an ice cream scoop to give equal portions to each customer. Restaurants have needs that sometimes are unique to their business.

Often the business owner and the employees are frustrated because they cannot find the exact item that they need. Maybe it has not been invented. If necessity is the mother of invention, perhaps it is time your business gave birth to the ideas you have been thinking about for so long. Somebody probably invented the slotted spoon because his customers did not like the juice from the vegetables mixing with their mashed potatoes. What stainless steel restaurant equipment does your business need that you cannot find? Maybe it is time to take your ideas to a restaurant smallwares manufacturer and make them a reality.

From small bakery equipment to make cute heart-shaped cupcakes to large cake pans to bake the wedding cake of the year, small-business owners have unique needs. Why not sit down with a kitchen equipment manufacturer and talk face to face? Customizing your small stainless steel restaurant equipment is much easier than you might think.

Perhaps you are not sure what your business needs but you know the problems that you are facing on a daily basis. A small kitchen equipment manufacturer can study your daily operations and listen to your needs and suggest ways to solve your dilemma. So it does not matter if you already have the idea and need someone to make it a reality or you have no idea how to solve the problem a stainless steel restaurant equipment manufacturer can help you through the brainstorming and innovation phase.

Once you have decided what you need the kitchen equipment manufacturer will build and test a prototype. Will the small bakery equipment be able to stand the heat of the oven and produce a perfect cupcake every time? Will it withstand being dropped, stepped on and crushed repeatedly? What about scratching, bending, warping or breaking? And, the overall question: does it work? Does it work with your restaurant and comply with your needs? Testing of small bakery equipment is a critical step in the development stage.

Once the prototype has all the kinks worked out, its on to the finishing touches that make the product yours. More testing may be needed to make sure that it fits the unique needs of your restaurant. The small bakery equipment must look like it belongs in your restaurant as well as function the way you and your employees have requested. The cupcakes must be perfect or it just is not good enough.

If you would like to contact the foremost kitchen equipment manufacturer of small bakery equipment and stainless steel restaurant equipment call 818-244-6666 ext 21.

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Tips for the right asphalt resurfacing

Though asphalt is strong and durable in its composition, but it degrades over time, developing cracks, low spots, chips and other imperfections. Resurfacing asphalt driveway takes manual labor, but rewards you with a crack-free, smooth driveway. The key to a nice resurfaced driveway is properly preparing and cleaning the asphalt beforehand, completing the project at the right time of year and using the right products. Learn the basics to asphalt resurfacing before you take on this home project.

Asphalt driveways don’t remain smooth and black forever. You can take steps to maintain your driveway by sealing and protecting it, but often the effects of heat, ultra-violet rays, and substances such as salt, oil, gas and grease take their toll. And if those don’t get you, then cracking and water penetration eventually will. Your driveway may be corroded, worn out, or have cracks, which could all warrant an asphalt resurfacing job as it is more cost-effective to do a hot mix asphalt resurfacing job over the entire driveway.

As they are hard and brittle, asphalt pavements are sure to develop cracks over time. Ranging from hairline to an inch wide or more, cracks are your driveway’s worst enemy because they let water in which then expands. The larger the crack, the more serious the problem, and the sooner it needs to be fixed. Asphalt resurfacing may sound friendly to your suffering driveways in such hours of need.

Whether you’ll need to rip out your existing driveway and install a new one, or if you can get away with asphalt resurfacing – or even some patchwork and crack-filling – depends largely on the condition of the base layers, or foundation. However, if cracking covers most of the driveway, the surface is too far gone to repair. The root of the problems may come from lower down, and a complete overhaul should be considered.

If you have already done asphalt resurfacing for several times earlier and it keeps deteriorating prematurely, it is a problem with the foundation, and you should consider installing a whole new driveway. Likewise, if there are areas that have depressions or mounds, they should be completely reconstructed from the base. If you have several of these areas, a new driveway might make sense.

Beware of any asphalt resurfacing contractor who claims to bring false discount offers for you and then rob you down. Reputable contractors calculate the materials they need very carefully, and any small amount left over from a job would never be enough to complete an entire new job. If these con artists do any work at all before taking off with your money, it will most definitely be careless.

It is best to deal with registered, bonded, adequately insured and licensed asphalt resurfacing contractor. When hiring a contractor to resurface or install a new asphalt driveway, always get a list of references and check them. Ask references about the quality of the contractor’s work, their attention to details, and if the work was completed on time. You can even go and inspect previous work. Abiding by all these guidelines will enable you get the best asphalt resurfacing opportunity.

Looking for professional to install asphalt resurfacing when your driveways are suffering from cracks and holes on its surface? Follow the links to contact sable asphalt for professional services on asphalt maintenance, parking lot resurfacing driveway resurfacing.

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A Haven for Golf, or Fried Eggs

Neighborhood Joint

A series of articles profiling favorite local haunts.
What’s your neighborhood joint?

The beige bunker that houses the Poxabogue Golf Center and its fragrant Fairway Restaurant sits unpretentiously on the shoulder of Montauk Highway in billionaire-studded Sagaponack, as if protected by squatters’ rights. The driving range popped up on the horizon in 1957, one step ahead of the zoning czars. A 1961 variance grandfathered the beginner-tolerant nine-hole, par-3 public golf course into the picture.

Be it ever so humble, Poxabogue, known to regulars as the Pox, is home to 10,000 rounds of golf and 30,000 driving range hackers per season, and the Fairway’s griddle sizzles 80 pounds of bacon daily. Even the parking lot smells delicious.

Read the full article.

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Poll Finds Modest Rise in Support for Bike Lanes and Wal-Mart

New York voters are saying yes to Wal-Mart and bicycle lanes in modestly increasing numbers, according to a Quinnipiac University poll released on Thursday.

The poll found that 59 percent of city voters think the Bloomberg administration’s expansion of bike lanes in the city is a good thing, up from 54 percent in March. The poll question was worded as follows: “As you may know, there has been an expansion of bicycle lanes in New York City. Which comes closer to your point of view: (A) this is a good thing because it’s greener and healthier for people to ride their bicycle, or (B), this is a bad thing because it leaves less room for cars which increases traffic.”

Shortly after the poll was released Thursday morning, the city announced figures showing that there had been a 14 percent increase in commuting by bicycle this spring as compared with spring 2010. The city’s generates its cycling figures by counting bike riders on four spring workdays at select locations: the Brooklyn, Manhattan, Williamsburg and Queensboro Bridges; the Hudson River Greenway at 50th Street; and the Staten Island Ferry. The city reports an increase of 62 percent since 2008.

On the Wal-Mart issue, as the retail chain ramps up its charm offensive to overcome opposition to its opening a store in the city, the poll of city voters, conducted last week, found that 63 percent wanted elected officials to allow the store to open, up from 57 percent in March.

The percentage of voters who felt that Wal-Mart’s lower prices hurt smaller businesses in surrounding neighborhoods, meanwhile, has dropped to 70 percent, from 74 percent in 2006. The percentage of New Yorkers who say they would shop at Wal-Mart if it were convenient for them to do so has remained more or less even since March, about 69 percent.

The poll, of 1,234 registered voters, conducted from July 19 to July 25, has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.

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